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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1995;29(4): 527-529.
Primary Teratocarcinoma of the Pineal Gland: A case report.
Kyoung Mee Kim, Eun Jung Lee, Ki Wha Yang, Anhi Lee, Sang In Shim, Sun Moo Kim
Department of Clinical Pathology, Catholic University Medical College, Seoul, Korea.
Teratocarcinoma is a form of mixed germ cell tumor composed of a mixture of teratoma and embryonal carcinoma. It is rarely found in the brain, but when present it is most commonly found in the pineal region. We investigated a case of primary teratocarcinoma in the pineal region. The patient was a 10 year old boy who had suffered from a bitemporal headache for one month. Brain CT and MRI revealed a rather well defined ovoid heterogenous mass in the pineal gland region, measuring 4.3 x 3.8 x 3.0 cm in size. Microscopically the tumor contained areas of immature teratoma and embryonal carcinoma. Immunohistochemical staining revealed positive reactions for cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen, carcinoembryonic antigen, and alpha-fetoprotein in the embryonal carcinoma component.
Key Words: Teratocarcinoma; Pineal gland; Immunohistochemistry