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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1991;25(4): 346-356.
DNA Ploidy and S-Phase Fraction in Proliferative Hepatic Lesions of Rat Liver Induced by Dietylnitrosamine and Partial Hepatectomy.
Chan Choi, Sung Hee Cho, Hyung Bae Moon, Ki Jung Yun, Hun Taeg Chung, Sang Woo Juhng
1Department of Pathology, Wonkwang University Medica School, Iri, Korea.
2Department of Immunology, Wonkwang University Medica School, Iri, Korea.
3Department of Pathology, Chonnam University Medical School, Kwangju, Korea.
We have investigated the changes of DNA ploidy and S-phase fraction in proliferative lesions of rat liver. Proliferative lesions were induced by diethylnitrosamine and partial hepatectomy. DNA ploidy was measured by flow cytometer, and S-phase fraction was measured by in situ bromodeoxyuridine(BRdU)-anti BRdU monoclonal antibody techniques. Normal liver and initiated lesion revealed DNA diploidy or DNA tetraploidy. Hepatocyte nodule (NODULE) and hepatocelular carcinoma (HCC) revealed DNA diploidy, tetraploidy or aneuploidy. S-phase fraction was 1.0+/-0.9, 1.0+/-0.9m 3.7+/-2.3, 5.5+/-4.9, and 13.8+/-11.6 in normal liver, initiated lesion, NODULE not associated with HCC, NODULE associated with HCC, and HCC, respectively. In NODULE associated with HCC, it was widely distributed, ranging from 0.8 to 15.5%. In conclusion, S-phase fraction appeared to be increased as the hepatocarcinogenesis proceeded, but DNA ploidy did not. There was a heterogeneity of DNA ploidy and S-phase fraction in the proliferative hepatic lesions.
Key Words: DNA ploidy; S-phase fration; Hepatocellular carcinoma; Flow cytometry; Bromodeoxyuridine
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