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The Korean Journal of Cytopathology 2003;14(2): 43-52.
Cervical Cancer Screening in Korea.
Moon Hyang Park
Department of Pathology, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. parkmh@hanyang.ac.kr
The incidence of cervical cancer has been gradually decreased since 1990, now it ranks the fourth most common carcinoma among Korean women in 2001. If squamous cell carcinomas in situ are included, the cervical cancer is still the most frequent tumor in Korean women. However, cervical cancer mortality in Korea has been decreased over the last 10 years in large part attributable to the introduction of the Papanicolaou test (Pap. test). The guidelines for the early detection of cervical cancer recommend women aged 30 and more to take biennial screening with Pap. test. According to the screening data of National Health Insurance Corporation (NHIC), 4,425 women (0.94%) showed an abnormal Pap among 473,395 cases tested in 2001; dysplasia was in 3,953 (0.84%) women, in situ carcinoma in 357 (0.075%) women, and invasive carcinoma in 115 (0.024%) women. The detection rates of abnormal Pap. were 4.21% in Korean Society for Cytopathology (KSC-2001), 1.37% (ASCUS : 0.26%, AGUS : 0.03%, LSIL : 0.45%, HSIL : 0.55%, Carcinoma : 0.09%) in health check-up and 5.41% (ASCUS : 1.89%, AGUS : 0.69%, LSIL : 1.39%, HSIL : 0.84%, Carcinoma : 0.64%) of patients in out-patient clinic without having history of cervical neoplasia at Hanyang University Hospital in 2002. Low rate of cervical cancer screening (34%) in Korea is mainly due to the lack of information for the low income people regarding national cancer screening program. More adequate budget by government and more man-power for precise screening, new guideline and system for management of the cervical cancer patients are required.
Key Words: Neoplasm; Cervix uteri; Cytology; Mass screening; Korea
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