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JPTM > Volume 43(6); 2009 > Article
The Korean Journal of Pathology 2009;43(6): 503-508.
doi: https://doi.org/10.4132/KoreanJPathol.2009.43.6.503
Transcriptional Regulation of Hepatic Stellate Cell Activation by siRNA for TGF-beta1.
Hoon Kyu Oh, Kyung Hyun Kim, Yoon Sup Keum, Chang Ho Cho, Jae Bok Park, Kwan Kyu Park
Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Daegu Catholic University, Daegu, Korea. kkpark@cu.ac.kr
ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND: The cytokine-induced activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSC) plays a major role in liver fibrosis. Quiescent HSCs undergo phenotypic transformation called "transdifferentiation" in response to viral, chemical or immune insults to the liver. The cytokine TGF-beta1 plays a key role in progressive liver fibrosis. Since small interfering RNA (siRNA) is a powerful tool for silencing gene expression post-transcriptionally, the present study aimed to determine whether synthetic TGF-beta1 siRNA down-regulates the expression of the TGF-beta1 gene in immortalized and activated rat HSCs (HSC-T6s). The study examined whether synthetic TGF-beta1 siRNA prevents rat HSCs activation and extracellular matrix (ECM) production. METHODS: TGF-beta1 siRNA or a control (pU6) siRNA was added to HSC-T6 culture media. We then performed RT-PCR and western blot analyses for TGF-beta1 and ECM components (fibronectin, type-I collagen, and TIMP-1). RESULTS: TGF-beta1 siRNA significantly down-regulated expression of TGF-beta1 mRNA and protein and attenuated mRNA and protein expressions of type-I collagen, fibronectin, and TIMP-1, as compared to the control. CONCLUSIONS: TGF-beta1 siRNA can effectively down-regulate the expression of TGF-beta1 in rat HSC, resulting in significant inhibition of HSC activation and of ECM production. These data indicate that synthetic TGF-beta1 siRNA can be a useful treatment modality to prevent liver fibrosis.
Key Words: Transforming growth factor-beta; Small interfering RNA; Hepatic stellate cell; Liver fibrosis
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