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JPTM > Volume 43(6); 2009 > Article
The Korean Journal of Pathology 2009;43(6): 495-502.
doi: https://doi.org/10.4132/KoreanJPathol.2009.43.6.495
Immunohistochemical and Molecular Characteristics of Follicular Patterned Thyroid Nodules with Incomplete Nuclear Features of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma.
Hye Sook Min, Gheeyoung Choe, Nam Yun Cho, Gyeong Hoon Kang, Seong Hoe Park, So Yeon Park
1Department of Pathology, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea. sypmd@snu.ac.kr
2Department of Pathology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Pathology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea.
4Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND: Follicular patterned thyroid nodules with incomplete nuclear features of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FTN-INPTCs) are difficult to diagnose, and their biological behavior and association with follicular variants of PTC (FVPTCs) have not yet been established. The aim of this study is to determine immunohistochemical and molecular characteristics of FTN-INPTCs. METHODS: We investigated immunohistochemical features (galectin-3, HBME-1, CK19, fibronectin-1, CITED1), BRAF V600E mutation and RASSF1A promoter methylation status in 30 FTN-INPTC cases, along with 26 FVPTCs, 21 follicular adenomas (FAs) and 14 nodular hyperplasias (NHs). RESULTS: Expression of galectin-3, HBME-1, CK19 and CITED1 was significantly higher in FTN-INPTCs than in FAs or NHs, but expression of galectin-3, CK19 and fibronectin-1 was lower in FTN-INPTCs than in FVPTCs. The BRAF V600E mutation was not detected in the benign nodules or FTN-INPTCs, whereas 57% of FVPTCs had the mutation. RASSF1A promoter methylation was higher in FTN-INPTCs than in benign nodules but there was no difference between FTN-INPTCs and FVPTCs. CONCLUSIONS: Our results represent the borderline immunohistochemical and molecular characteristics of FTN-INPTC. We conclude that FTN-INPTC is an intermediate lesion between a benign nodule and a FVPTC, and that it is pathogenetically related to FVPTC.
Key Words: Thyroid gland; Thyroid neoplasms; Carcinoma, Papillary
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