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The Korean Journal of Cytopathology 1996;7(2): 111-121.
A Study of Usefulness of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of the Thyroid Lesions.
Kye Hyun Kwon, So Young Jin, Dong Wha Lee
Department of Anatomical Pathology, Soonchunhyung University Hospital, Korea.
ABSTRACT
Fine needle aspiration cytology(FNAC) is preferred because of simplicity, safety, and reliability in the evaluation of patients with thyroid nodule or hyperplasia. However, there are a few limitations such as false-negative or false-positive cases and nondiagnostic material. To evaluate the usefulness of FNAC in thyroid lesions, we reviewed 704 FNAC cases of thyroid nodules from 1988 to 1994 at Soonchunhyang University Hospital. The results are as follows. 1. Among 704 FNAC cases of thyroid gland, 571(81.1%) cases were benign, 12 (1.7%0) were suspicious, 71(10.1%0) were malignancy, and 50(7.1%)-were material insufficiency. The cytologic diagnoses of the benign lesions included 168 cases of follicular neoplasm, 139 cases of adenomatous goiter, 162 cases of follicular lesion such as follicular neoplasm or adenomatous goiter, 61 cases of Hashimoto's thyroiditis, 13 cases of subacute thyroiditis, and 28 cases of colloidal nodule or benign nodule. The malignant lesions included 68 cases of papillary carcinoma, two medullary carcinomas and a case of metastatic colon cancer. 2. The average number of cytologic smear slides was 4.12+/-1.81 in material insufficiency and 5.63+/-1.79 in diagnostic cases. This difference was statistically significant(p<0.00001). 3. Histological assessment of 150 cases revealed 2 false negative and 1 false positive cases. The false negative cases were a case of marked sclerosis in papillary carcinoma and an occult case of papillary, carcinoma. The false positive case resulted from pseudo-ground glass nuclei due to marked dry artifact. 4. Comparison between the FNAC and the histologic diagnosis revealed that INAC had a sensitivity of 93.5%, a specificity of 99.2%, a false negative rate of 64%, a false positive rate of 0.8%, and an overall diagnostic accuracy of 98.0%. Therefore, FNAC of thyroid gland is a very reliable diagnostic method with excellent accuracy rate.
Key Words: Fine needle aspiration cytology; Thyroid gland; Usefulness