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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1997;31(8): 745-753.
Immunohistochemical Study of E-cadherin Expression in Gastric Adenocarcinomas.
Jee Yeon Kim, Mee Young Sol, Sun Kyung Lee
Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Pusan National University, Pusan 602-739, Korea.
ABSTRACT
E-cadherin (ECD) is a Ca++ -dependent adhesion molecule which plays a major role in the maintenance of intercellular adhesion in epithelial tissues. The expression pattern of ECD in 77 surgically resected gastric adenocarcinomas was examined by immunohistochemistry, using a rat monoclonal antibody raised against murine E-cadherin (DECAM-1). ECD was strongly expressed uniformly at cell to cell borders in normal gastric epithelium without exception. But, various staining patterns were observed in the cancer tissues. The frequency of tumors with preserved ECD expression (Pre-type) and reduced ECD expression (Rd-type) was 44% and 56%, respectively. Using Lauren's classification, the high frequency of the Pre-type expression in adenocarcinoma of the intestinal type was significantly higher than that in adenocarcinoma of the diffuse type (p<0.05). But, no significant correlation between the ECD expression and the gross type, invasion depth, growth pattern or metastasis was observed. These results suggest that ECD might play a key role in the morphogenesis of gastric adenocarcinoma.
Key Words: E-cadherin; Gastric carcinoma; Immunohistochemistry; Morphogenesis