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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1996;30(3): 261-265.
Granulomatous(Lobular) Mastitis in a Pregnant Woman: A case report.
Kyu Rae Kim, Hee Sung Kim, Yeon Lim Suh, Jung Hyun Yang, Howe Jung Ree
1Department of Diagnostic Pathology, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul Hospital, 135-230 Seoul, Korea.
2Department of General Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul Hospital, 135-230 Seoul, Korea.
ABSTRACT
Granulomatous(lobular) mastitis is a distinct disease entity of unknown etiology which is characterized by noncaseating granulomatous lobulocentric inflammation. We describe a rare case of granulomatous(lobular) mastitis of a 36 year-old pregnant woman a review of the literature. The mass which was discovered in the third month of her pregnancy, began as a localized, nontender mass on the left breast and persisted during her entire pregnancy. It decreased slightly in size when she began taking post-partum bromocriptine. Clinically and mammographically, the mass was highly suspected as a carcinoma with axillary lymph node metastasis. Fine needle aspiration smears revealed numerous aggregates of granulomas composed of epithelioid histiocytes admixed with multinucleated giant cells of Langhans' and foreign body type, and collections of polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Ziehl-Neelsen, silver methenamine and PAS stain were negative for acid-fast bacilli, fungus, and bacilli on the smear respectively. Histologically, granulomatous inflammation was centered on the breast lobules. Caseation necrosis was absent, instead, numerous microabscesses were formed in the center of the granulomas. Cultures of the fresh tissue for the AFB, aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, and fungus were all negative. Excision of the mass was performed without further treatment and there was no recurrence of the mass 6 months postoperatively. An autoimmune mechanism, infection, and some association with oral contraceptives have been suggested as etiologic factors in the literature.
Key Words: Granulomatous mastitis; Lobulocentric mastitis; Pregnancy; Microabscess