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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1996;30(2): 89-93.
Clinical Value of Demonstration of Estrogen and Progesterone Receptors using Paraffin Wax Sections in Breast Carcinoma.
Hye Kyung Ahn, Yun Jung Kim, Young Euy Park
Department of Pathology, Hallym University College of Medicine, 150-071 Seoul, Korea.
ABSTRACT
This study aimed at assessing the usefulness of paraffin wax sections for demonstration of ER(estrogen receptor) and PR(progesterone receptor), using brief microwave processing rather than proteolytic predigestion. The receptor status of a breast cancer is often into consideration when planning treatment nowadays. As biochemical receptor assays require large amount of fresh tumor tissue and are not always available for all tumors, pathologists are now increasingly asked to provide a service for the assessment of the receptor status in tissue routine sections. Until recently, immunohistochemical demonstration of receptors was used in frozen sections. Therefore, routinely processed paraffin wax sections of 25 cases of breast carcinoma with known ER and PR concentrations, estimated by the standard DCC(dextran-coated charcoal) biochemical assay, were examined using the ABC immunoperoxidase technique. The results were assessed semiquantitably, using a five grade scoring system. Of the 25 cases examined, with DCC cutoff point being <10 fmol,71% and 75% in positivity of each ER, PR receptor is concordant. Statistic analysis demonstrates high relationship between scoring system of IH method and DCC value in ER (R=0.6061, p=0.001) and PR (R=0.5832, p=0.001). The IH method can provide easily assessed reliable positive information about ER, PR status of breast carcinoma using routinely processed paraffin wax sections.
Key Words: Breast carcinoma; Estrogen receptor; Progesterone receptor Immunohistochemistry; Paraffin block