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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1996;30(2): 73-88.
Ultrastructural Changes in Rat Kidney after Lead Acetate Administration.
Hyun Chul Kim, Seung Pil Kim, Kwan Kyu Park
1Department of Internal Medicine, Keimyung University School of Medicinem, 700-310 Taegu, Korea.
2Department of Pathology, Keimyung University School of Medicinem, 700-310 Taegu, Korea.
3Institute for Medical Science, Keimyung University School of Medicinem, 700-310 Taegu, Korea.
This study was carried out to investigate the ultrastructural findings of rats after administration of 0.5% lead acetate with drinking water. The Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into control and experimental groups. The control group was composed of 12 rats and was orally administered with 0.5% sodium acetate. The experimental group was composed of 36 rats and orally administered with 0.5% lead acetate. Two rats in the control group and four rats in the experimental group were sacrificed on day 2, and week 1, 2, 4, 6 and 8 after administration. The kidney was extirpated and examined by electron microscopy. The results obtained were as follows: The blood lead concentration in the experimental group began to increase from the second day after administration and it increased gradually until the 6th week and it decreased at the 8 week. The urinary excretion of delta-ALA also increased from the secondary and gradually increased up to the 8th week. On electron microscopic examination, the proximal tubular cells showed fat droplets, dilatation of the endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondrial swelling, increased numbers of secondary lysosomes and myelin figure-like residual bodies and intranuclear inclusion bodies. All these findings peaked at the eighth week after administration. Ultrastructural findings after Timm sulphide silver reaction revealed the lead granules in the proximal tubular lumen and between the microvilli of the proximal tubular cells without membrane-bounded. It can be concluded that most of the changes of micro-organelles are compatible with degenerative changes of lead exposure and passive diffusion of lead granules are involved in the proximal tubular cells.
Key Words: Lead; Kidney; Timm sulphide; Electron microscopy