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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1994;28(1): 22-29.
Gastrointestinal Cytomegalovirus Infection: A clinicopathologic analysis of 8 cases.
Yun Kyung Kang, Sang Yong Song, Woo Ho Kim, Yong Il Kim
Department of Pathology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
ABSTRACT
We analysed 8 cases of gastrointestinal cytomegalovirus(CMV) infection including one autopsy, three surgically resected and four endoscopic biopsy cases. Involved sites were colon in four,stomach in three and small intestine in one. Three of them were associated with immu-nosuppressed condition but others had no clinical evidence of immune deficiency. Multiple aphthous mucosal ulceration was a common presentation, but one revealed a mucosal ulcer with segmental narrowing and thickening of wall. Microscopically, six showed cytomegalic inclusions in endothelial cells and fibroblasts, one in mucosal epithelial cells and the remaining one in both endothelial cells and mucosal epithelial cells. Immunohistochemical staining using monoclonal antibody against CMV confirmed postive result in seven cases. Serum IgM anti-CMV antibody was elevated in one case. We conclude that gastrointestinal CMV infection is currently not a rare condition and frequently associated with non-immunosuppressed condition, and thus a thorough histologic examination is required especially in the gastrointestinal ulcerative lesion. Once cytomegalic inclusion is suspected, immunohistochemical identification of CMV seems essential for specific diagnosis.
Key Words: Cytomegalovirus; Gastrointestinal tract; Immunohistochemistry