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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1991;25(2): 123-146.
An Experimental Study of Vibrio vulnificus Infection in Mice.
Moon Ho Yang
Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, KyungHee University, Seoul, Korea.
ABSTRACT
An experimental of Vibrio vulnificus infection has been performed with the intravenous, subcutaneous and oral inoculation of Vibrio vulnificus into ICR mice. The results are as follows: 1) The LD50 of the intravenous, subcutaneous and oral inoculation of Vibrio vulnificus were 1.6x10(7) cells/ml, 4.0x10(7) cells/ml, and 2.5x10(9) cells/ml, respectively. 2) In the experimental group without treatment with CC14, the survival rates for intravenous inoculation were 100% (1/2 LD50), 39.1% (LD50), and 8.3% (2 LD50). The survival rates for subcutaneous inoculation groups were 100% (1/2 LD50), 46.9% (LD50), and 18.8% (2 LD50). And the survival rates for oral inoculation groups were 100% (1/2 LD50), 53.1% (LD50), and 43.8% (2 LD50). 3) In those treated with CC14 0.05 ml, the survival rates for intravenous inoculation groups were 43.8% (1/2 LD50), 29.1% (LD50), 0% (2 LD50). The survival rates for subcutaneous inoculation groups were 59.4% (1/2 LD50), 40.6% (LD50), and 9.4% (2 LD50). The survival rates for oral inoculation groups were 68.8% (1/2 LD50), 46.9% (LD50), and 18.8% (2 LD50). In those treated with CC14 0.1 ml, the survival rates for intravenous inoculation groups were 25.0% (1/2 LD50), 10.4% (LD50), and 0% (2 LD50). The survival rates for subcutaneous inoculation groups were 43.8% (1/2 LD50), 21.9% (LD50), 0% (2 LD50). The survival rates for oral inoculation groups were 50.0% (1/2 LD50), 37.5% (LD50), and 0% (2 LD50). 4) Liver, lungs, meninges and brain, kidneys, heart, gastrointestinal tract and spleen showed septic inflammatory findings. Their degree of inflammation were different according to the severity of hepatic damage and the inoculum size.
Key Words: Vibrio vulnificus infection; Histopathologic findings; Experiment