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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1990;24(4): 402-411.
The Effect of Common Bile Duct Ligation on Liver Morphology and Coper Metabolism in Rat.
Kyoung Sook Kim, Chanil Park, Jang Whan Cho, In Joon Choi, Yoo Bock Lee
1Department of Pathology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
ABSTRACT
To clarity the effect of biliary obliteration on copper metabolism of rat liver and on the hepatic morphology, 0.5% cuppuric sulfate was administered intraperitoneally for 42 days following ligation of the common bile duct (CBD) of Sprague-Dawley rats. The blood copper concentration, the hepatic copper content and the accumulation patterns of copper and copper binding protein in the liver were examined and compared with those of the simple CBD ligation group and the simple copper over loaded group. CBD ligation induced marked proliferation of bile ductular structures which, after expanding the portal tracts, invaded and divided the hepatic lobules. There was, however, no excess fibosis beyond what needed to support the new ductules. The blood copper concentration and the hepatic copper content were increased by copper overload with or without CBD ligation, particularly incases with CBD ligation. Liver cell necrosis did not occur by the overloaded copper alone in rats. The hepatic copper and copper binding protein were accumulated at periportal liver cells in the group of coppe overload after CBD ligatio, whereas they began to appear at perivenular hepatocytes in the simple copper overloaded group. In conclusion, it is suggested that CBD ligation does not induce excess fibrosis or liver cirrhosis in rat as far as during our experimental period, but affect significantly on copper metabolism by intrahepatic redistribution of the copper and the copper binding proteins.
Key Words: Common bile duct ligation; Copper metabolism; Biliary cirrhosis; Rhodanine stain; Copper binding protein
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