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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1986;20(4): 462-469.
A Study on the Typhoid Granuloma in the Bone Marrow Biopsy of Patients with Typhoid Fever.
So Young Jin, Kyung Won Lee, Tai Seung Kim
Department of Pathology, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.
To evaluate the appearance rate of typhoid granuloma, a clinical and histological study was made on bone marrow smears or biopsies of 60 patients with proven typhoid fever. The results were as follws: 1) Sixty cases consisted of 34 cases of bacteriologically proved group, 10 cases of serologically proved group, and 16 cases of clinically suspected group. The positive culture rate from bone marrow fluid was the highest (70.6%) among specimens although it was obtained 1.6 days in average after the administration of antibiotics. 2) Fourth-eight cases by bone marrow smear revealed the M:E ratio of 3.93:1 in average, mild myeloid hyperplasia and 50.5% of appearance rate of typhoid cells. 3) Fourth-nine cases of bone marrow biopsy revealed 8 cases of typhoid granuloma, all of which belonged to the bacteriologically proved group. All these have no pathognomonic morphologic features. 4) Fourty cases of bone marrow examination of patients with FUO except typhoid fever revealed no typhoid cells in smear and 3 cases of granulomatous lesion from two patients with miliary tuberculosis and one patient with Hodgkin's lymphoma.
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