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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1986;20(2): 209-214.
Congenital Laryngeal Atresia: An autopsy case.
Yeon Lim Suh, Sang Yoon Kim, Je G Chi
Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
Atresia of larynx is a rare fatal anomaly that should bring an immediate medical attention for proper managenent. We reported a case who died in neonatal period because of respiratory difficulty. His first problem was difficulty of inserting tracheal tube through the larynx. It was of interest in this case that he was presented with generalized edema and also massive lung edema. The lung was characterized by total absence of squamous and amniotic debris in the alveolar spaces and massive inflation of the alveoli by clear fluid that was thought to be amniotic fouid produced by the lung per se. Because there was no connection between oral cavity and the lungs, there would be no way the amniotic fluid outside the fetus. The laryngeal atresia was of infraglottic type and was complete with dispalced cricoid cartilage. Associated anomalies were left persistent supperior vena cava, perimembranous ventricular septal defect, spina bifida and focal cerebellar heterotopia.