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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1985;19(2): 220-222.
Epidermoid Cyst of Testis in Klinefelter's Syndrome: A case report.
Seong Sook Kim, Sang Yoon Kim, Geung Hwan Ahn, Je Geun Chi
Department of Pathology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
The epidermoid cyst of the testis is a rare benign lesion with a characteristic gross and microscopic appearances. This 25 year old male who had been previously diagnosed as Klinefelter's snydrome (47/XXY) had right orchiectomy due to hard testicular nodule for a presented malignant testicular tumor. Sectioning of the testis revealed a intraparenchy matous cystic lesion, 1.5 cm in diameter, filled with cheesy white material. Histologically, stratified squamous epithelium lined the cyst. The remaining testis showed advanced tubular sclerosis and Leydig cell hyperplasia. It is necessary to submit multiple sections to rule out other histologic elements in the cyst wall or the presence of a scar. Although epidermoid cyst occurring as a solitary testicullar nodule could be regarded as a stage in the development of a teratoma, they need to be distinguished from the complex differentiated teratomas because of a distinct difference in prognosis.