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The Korean Journal of Pathology 2008;42(6): 327-334.
An Analysis of HER-2/neu, ERCC1, and GST-pi in Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Who are Treated with Platinum-based Chemotherapy.
Kyung Jin Seo, Byoung Yong Shim, Hoon Kyo Kim, Ji Han Jung, Jinyoung Yoo, Seok Jin Kang, Kyo Young Lee
1Department of Pathology, St. Vincent's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, Korea. jinyyoo@vincent.cuk.ac.kr
2Department of Internal Medicine, St. Vincent's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, Korea.
ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND: Platinum-based chemotherapy has shown to be an effective first-line treatment for patients with advanced stage, unresectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We evaluated the response rate to combination chemotherapy with cisplatin and taxane, and the significance of the HER-2/neu, ERCC1, and GST-pi status as predictive markers for the tumor response. METHODS: The HER-2/neu, ERCC1, and GST-pi status were analyzed in the biopsy specimens obtained from 35 patients with advanced stage NSCLC prior to cisplatin plus either paclitaxel or docetaxel chemotherapy. RESULTS: The response rate of the tumors to combination chemotherapy was 62.9% (22/35). HER-2/neu was amplified in 51.4% (18/35) of the tumors, and this was observed exclusively in patients with progressive disease (p=0.014). ERCC1 was overexpressed in 77.2% of the specimens (27/35), and this showed a tendency to correlate with the tumor response (p=0.057). GST-pi was detected in 85.7% of the specimens (30/35). Seventy-seven percent of the patients with a negative HER-2/neu and positive ERCC1 status showed a partial response, which was in contrast to only a 25% response rate for the patients with a positive HER-2/neu and negative ERCC1 status (p=0.006). The overall survival was prolonged in the patients without HER-2/neu amplification (15 vs 8.5 months, respectively, p=0.008). On multivariate analysis, the HER-2/neu status remained the significant predictor of survival (p=0.005). CONCLUSIONS: A combination of the ERCC1, HER-2/neu status may define a subset of patients with the most favorable response to combination chemotherapy regimens for treating advanced NSCLC.
Key Words: Carcinoma, Non-small cell lung; Genes, HER-2; ERCC1 protein, human; Glutathione S-transferase pi; Cisplatin
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