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The Korean Journal of Pathology 2007;41(6): 380-386.
Analysis of Microsatellite Instability in Ovarian Epithelial Cancer.
Mee Young Sol, Kyung Un Choi, Jee Yeon Kim, Hyun Jeong Kang, Dong Hoon Shin, Ik Doo Kim, Hyo Seon Choi, Soon Jung Seo
1Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea. kuchoi@pusan.ac.kr
2Medical Research Institute, School of Medicine, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea.
3ISU ABXIS CO. LTD, Seoul, Korea.
ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to clarify the incidence and role of microsatellite instability (MSI) in sporadic ovarian epithelial cancers (OEC). We investigated the MSI status and mismatch repair (MMR) protein expression in OEC. METHODS: MSI was examined by fluorescence- based polymerase chain reaction using five NCI panel markers (BAT25, BAT26, D2S123, D5S346 and D17S250) in 46 cases of OEC. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) for hMLH1 and hMSH2 was performed. RESULTS: Seven cases (15.2%) exhibited high-frequency MSI (MSIH), one exhibited low-frequency MSI (MSI-L), and the remaining 38 demonstrated microsatellite stability (MSS). MSI-H in OEC was not associated with histologic grade, FIGO stage, tumor size, mitoses or histologic type. Loss of expression of either hMLH1 or hMSH2 was observed in 4 of the 7 (59.3%) MSI-H cases, whereas 4 of the 39 (10.3%) MSI-L or MSS tumors revealed loss of expression of MMR proteins. The sensitivity and specificity of immunohistochemistry for hMLH1 and hMSH2 were 57.1% and 89.7%. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that a genetic defect in the MMR system might play a role in the carcinogenesis of a minor subset of sporadic OEC however, immunohistochemical testing for hMLH1 and hMSH2 cannot accurately determine microsatellite instability status in OEC.
Key Words: Microsatellite instability; Ovarian neoplasm; hMLH1; hMSH2; Immunohistochemistry