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The Korean Journal of Pathology 2007;41(5): 324-328.
Twist Expression in Upper Urinary Tract Urothelial Carcinoma Affects Patients Disease Free Survival and is Associated with Tumor Grade.
Dong Il Kim, Sun Och Yoon, Seog Yun Park, Bomi Kim, Gyeong Hoon Kang, Kyung Chul Moon
Department of Pathology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. blue7270@snu.ac.kr
ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is critical for morphogenesis during embryonic development and is also implicated in the conversion of early-stage tumors into invasive malignancies. Recently, Twist has been identified to play an important role in EMTmediated metastatic progression of several types of human cancer. The present study examined the expression of Twist and evaluated its clinicopathologic significance in urothelial carcinoma of upper urinary tract. METHODS: Immunohistochemical staining for Twist expression was performed on 70 upper urinary tract urothelial carcinomas (UUT-UCs) using tissue microarray. RESULTS: Immunohistochemical staining for Twist was positive in 31/70 cases (44.3%) of UUT-UCs. Twist expression was associated with high-grade and advanced-stage (ISUP grade, p<0.01; stage, p=0.045). The patients with Twist positive-tumors revealed lower disease free survival rate than those with Twist negative-tumors (p<0.01). The overall survival for patients with Twist positive-tumors was slightly worse than the patients with Twist negative- tumors, but the difference was not statistically significant (p=0.12). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that Twist is a novel marker for advanced UUT-UC.
Key Words: Carcinoma, transitional cell; Twist transcription factor; Disease free survival
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