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The Korean Journal of Pathology 2006;40(3): 176-184.
Genetic Analysis of Epstein-Barr Virus Latent Membrane Protein 1 and Immunohistochemical Expression of Transforming Growth Factor (TGF)-beta1, TGF-betaRII, p21, p16, E2F1, Thymidylate Synthase, and NF-kappaB in Epstein-Barr Virus Encoded RNA-positive Gastric Adenocarcinoma
Mee Yon Cho, Minseob Eom, Kwang Hwa Park, Mee Dong Kim, Seung Hoon Sung, Myoung Soo Kim, Dae Sung Kim, Sun Ju Choi
1Department of Pathology, Yonsei University, Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea. meeyon@ yonsei.ac.kr
2Department of Surgery, Yonsei University, Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.
3Department of Microbiology, Yonsei University, Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.
ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND :Although clinicopathologic differences have been described between Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive and negative gastric adenocarcinomas, the pathogenetic basis for these differences remains unclear. In this study, efforts were made to confirm that expression of EBV-latent membrane protein (LMP1) and immunohistochemical characteristics of EBVpositive gastric adenocarcinomas. METHODS: We investigated genomic deletion, and RNA & protein expression of the EBV-LMP1, as well as immunohistochemical protein expression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1, TGF-bata RII, p21, p16, E2F1, thymidylate synthase, and NF-kappaB in relation to EBV positive gastric adenocarcinoma. RESULTS: A total of 38 Epstein-Barr Virus Encoded RNA-positive and 80 negative gastric carcinomas were examined. A 30 bp DNA deletion in the EBV-LMP1 gene, initiating at codon 342, was detected in 94.4% of EBVpositive cases. By RT-PCR and western blotting, EBV-LMP1 mRNA and protein expressions were absent in all cases, re-gardless of DNA deletion. No significant differences in TGF-bata1, TGF-betaRII, p21, NF-kappaB, E2F1, or thymidylate synthase expression were identified. However, the decreased expression of p16 was found in 84.2% of EBV-positive carcinomas, relative to only 57.5% of EBV-negative tumors (p=0.024). CONCLUSION: EBV-LMP1 DNA deletion, mRNA and protein losses are highly prevalent in EBV-positive gastric adenocarcinoma among Korean patients, along with decreased p16 expression.
Key Words: Stomach neoplasms; Epstein-Barr virus; EBV-Associated Membrane Antigen; Protein p16
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