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The Korean Journal of Pathology 2006;40(2): 137-141.
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors associated with Neurofibromatosis Type I: A Report of Two Cases.
Joo Heon Kim, Ock Seong In, Seong Kyu Lee, Haing Woon Baik, Seong Ho Kim, Dong Wook Kang, Kyung Hee Kim, Mee Ja Park, Yong Il Kim
1Department of Pathology, Eulji University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea. kjh2000@eulji.ac.kr
2Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Eulji University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.
ABSTRACT
Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common non-epithelial neoplasm arising in the gastrointestinal tract, but this tumor is rarely seen in association with type 1 neurofibromatosis (NF-1). We report here on two cases of multiple GISTs of the small intestine that occurred in NF-1 patients. We also analyzed the mutations of c-kit exons 9, 11, 13 and 17 and the plateletderived growth factor receptor-alpha (PDGFRA) exons 12 and 18 in two GIST patients. Histologically, the NF-1-associated GISTs were similar to those of non-the NF-1 GISTs, but they characteristically revealed hyperplastic interstitial cells of Cajal around the GISTs. Immunohistochemically, these tumors showed strong co-expressions of CD117 and CD34. The molecular genetic analysis of the GISTs showed that all of the c-kit and PDGFRA exons that were analyzed in the GISTs of the two patients were the wild-type, suggesting a limited role for the c-kit and PDGFRA mutations in the tumorigenesis of NF-1-associated GISTs.
Key Words: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor; Neurofibromatosis IO; c-kit; PDGFRA