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The Korean Journal of Pathology 2005;39(1): 34-40.
Telomerase activity and Expression of MIB-1, Fas and Fas Ligand in Placentas from Women with and without Intrauterine Growth Retardation.
Yi Kyeong Chun, Sung Ran Hong, Moon Ho Yang
1Department of Pathology, Samsung Cheil Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Pathology, Kyung Hee University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. yang0604@khmc.or.kr
BACKGROUND: The placenta from a pregnancy that is complicated by intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) tends to be smaller than that from a normal pregnancy. To investigate this difference, we analyzed the telomerase activity, the proliferative activity and the mRNA levels of apoptosis mediators in placentas. METHODS: In 20 placentas from normal third-trimester pregnancies and 22 placentas form pregnancies that were complicated by IUGR, the telomerase activity was detected by a telomeric repeat amplification protocol assay. The proliferative activity was assessed by immunohistochemical staining using the MIB-1 monoclonal antibody. The expression of the apoptosis mediator was evaluated by semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reactions for fas and fas ligand. RESULTS: Telomerase activity was detected in 2 (10%) of 20 normal placentas, whereas it was not observed in all tested 13 placentas that were associated with IUGR. The proliferative activity was significantly low in the placentas that were associated with IUGR (7.44+/-2.96%), compared with the normal placentas (11.0+/-3.48%, p=0.002). There was no statistically significant difference in the mRNA levels of fas or fas ligand between two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Low telomerase and proliferative activities in the placenta may play a role in the pathogenesis of IUGR.
Key Words: Telomerase; MIB-1; Fas; Fas-ligand; Placenta
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