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The Korean Journal of Pathology 2002;36(4): 238-242.
The Effect of Ischemic Preconditioning in Rat Liver: The Expression of Interleukin-1 and Nuclear Factor-B.
Kum Yoon Seup, Soo Kyoung Lee, Sun zoo Kim, Eun Kyoung Kwak, Ji Young Park, Tae In Park, Han Ik Bae, Yoon Kyung Sohn, In Soo Suh
Department of Pathology, Kyungpook University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. issuh@knu.ac.kr
BACKGROUND: A short period of ischemia and reperfusion, called ischemic preconditioning, protects various tissues against subsequent sustained ischemic insult. Apoptosis of hepatocytes and sinusoidal endothelial cells are a critical mechanisms of injury in the ischemic liver. Because nuclear factor-B (NF-B) has a significant role in the cell survival, we hypothesized that ischemic preconditioning protects by inhibition of apoptosis through the expression of NF-B, induced by interleukin-1 (IL-1), which is known for enhancement of its transcription and activation. METHODS: We induced ischemia and reperfusion on rat liver, and performed in situ terminal deoxyribonucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labelling assay and polymerase chain reaction for IL-1 mRNA and NF-B mRNA. RESULTS: Apoptosis of hepatocytes and sinusoidal endothelial cells, assessed by in situ TUNEL assay, was significantly reduced with preconditioning. The expression of IL-1 mRNA and NF-B mRNA are seen on discrete monoclonal bands around 344 and 356 base pairs, in comparison with normal rat liver, but, there was no significant difference between the ischemia-reperfusion group and the preconditioning group. CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that ischemic preconditioning confers dramatic protection against prolonged ischemia via inhibition of apotosis through the expression of IL-1 inducing NF-B and its activation. However, we need further study in the activity of NF-B, such as nucleotide shift assay, because the activity of NF-B is regulated by binding of the inhibitory protein, IB.
Key Words: Reperfusion Injury-Ischemia-NF-kappa B-Interleukin-1
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