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The Korean Journal of Pathology 2000;34(11): 941-949.
Molecular Diagnosis of Cutaneous T Cell Lymphoproliferative Diseases.
Ji Young Park, Myung Hoon Lee, Eun Kyung Kwak, Dong Ja Kim, Tae In Park, Han Ik Bae
Department of Anatomic Pathology, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu 700-412, Korea.
ABSTRACT
It is often problematic to diagnose T-cell lymphoproliferative disorders of the skin because of the difficulty in establishing clonality in paraffin-embedded tissue. We used polymerase chain reaction single strand conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) and heteroduplex analysis in paraffin embedded tissue to detect clonal rearrangement of T-cell receptor gamma (TCRgamma) gene in 17 T-cell lymphoproliferative disorders and 6 atypical lymphoproliferative diseases. We used polymerase chain reaction to detect TCR beta gene rearrangement in 8 of 17 cases which did not show TCRgamma gene rearrangement. Jurkat cell lines were used as monoclonal controls. DNA was extracted from 5 biopsies of T-cell lymphomas, 10 biopsies of mycosis fungoides, 2 biopsies of lymphomatoid papulosis, and 6 biopsies of atypical lymphoproliferative lesions. We detected monoclonality in 5 of 5 T-cell lymphoma cases, 2 of 2 lymphomatoid papulosis cases, 6 of 10 mycosis fungoides cases, and 2 of 6 atypical lymphoproliferative disease cases. We conclude that nonradioactive PCR-SSCP for TCR gene rearrangement analysis is a useful adjunct to routine histological and immunophenotypic methods in the diagnosis of cutaneous T cell lymphoproliferative disorders in paraffin embedded tissue.
Key Words: Polymerase chain reaction; Single strand conformational polymorphism; Heteroduplex; T-cell receptor; Cutaneous T-cell lymphoproliferative diseases