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The Korean Journal of Pathology 2000;34(3): 190-198.
VEGF Expression and Microvessel Density in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinomas.
Ji Jun Lim, Sam Pyo Hong, Jae Il Lee, Seong Doo Hong, Chang Yun Lim
Department of Oral Pathology, College of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul 110-749, Korea.
ABSTRACT
Angiogenesis is an essential process in tumor growth and metastasis. VEGF has been considered a leading candidate inducing tumor angiogenesis. VEGF expression was significantly correlated with clinical stage, lymph node matastasis, and prognosis of cancers of various parts of body. However, little has been known about the correlation between VEGF expression and clinicopathologic parameters in oral squamous cell carcinoma. The aim of this study was to correlate VEGF expression with the clinicopathological parameters and microvessel density. Forty six oral squamous cell carcinomas were analyzed using immunohistochemical method with primary antibodies to VEGF and CD31. VEGF expression was detected in 33 (71.7%) of the 46 cases. The microvessel density was significantly correlated with VEGF expression (P=0.002). There was no correlation between microvessel density and tumour size, clinical stage, and lymph node metastasis, respectively. VEGF expression did not correlate with the histological grade of tumour differentiation, tumour size, and clinical stages. The VEGF-positive rate seemed to be higher in patients with cervical lymph nodal metastasis than in those without it, but it was not statistically significant. In conclusion, the overexpression of VEGF in the oral squamous cell carcinoma seemed to be associated with a more aggressive course of the disease. Further study is necessary to define the role of VEGF in oral squamous cell carcinoma.
Key Words: VEGF; Angiogenesis; Oral squamous cell carcinoma; Lymph node metastasis; Microvessel density