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The Korean Journal of Cytopathology 1996;7(2): 138-143.
Diagnostic Value of p53 Expression in the Evaluation of Effusions.
Jin Shin Lee, Chang Soo Park
1Military General Laboratory,Korea.
2Department of Pathology, Chonnam University Medical School, Korea.
The diagnostic accuracy of routine cytological preparations from effusions ranges from 60% to 70%. Immunohistochemical markers, especially tumor-associated antigens, have been successfully employed to increase diagnostic sensitivity in effusion cytology. However, more than two different antibodies in diagnosis of effusions are needed. In the view of prevalence of abnormalities of p53 gene in human malignancies, we investigated the diagnostic usefulness of demonstration of p53 protein immunoreactivity in distinguishing benign changes versus malignant processes in effusions. p53 protein expression was studied immunohistochemically in 76 effusions(28 malignant and 48 benign) using anti-human p53 antibody. p53 immunoreactivity was identified in 19 of 28(67.9%) malignant effusions. In contrast, no p53 immunoreactivity was!, observed in all benign effusions. A specificity of 100% and a sensitivity of 67.9% Were observed. These results suggest that immunohistochemical detection of p53 protein seems to be helpful in distinguishing benign changes versus malignant processes in effusions, although its principal limitation is-its relatively low sensitivity.
Key Words: Immunohistochemistry; p53 protein; Effusion cytology