| Home | E-Submission | Sitemap | Contact Us |  
top_img
The Korean Journal of Pathology 1999;33(4): 251-258.
Expression of Matrix Metalloproteinase-1,2,3 and Type IV Collagen in Gastric Adenocarcinoma: Influence on Lymph Node Metastasis and Prognosis.
Eun Sun Jung, Byung Gee Kim, Jo Hyun Park, Sang In Shim
1Department of Clinical Pathology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 137-040, Korea.
2Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 137-040, Korea.
ABSTRACT
Matrix metalloproteinases are believed to play an important role in tumor invasion and metastasis. But little is known about the role of them in the gastric adenocarcinoma. We investigated the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1,2,3 in eighty paraffin blocks of the primary gastric adenocarcinoma tissues with immunohistochemistry and analysed their correlation with lymph node metastasis and survival. MMP-1,2,3 were expressed most intensely in the fibroblasts around the tumor stroma. In our study the increased immunoreactivity of MMP-2 only showed statistically significant correlation with lymph node metastasis (P=0.0517, Odd's ratio=2.274). But MMP-1,2,3 all were correlated with survival. Type IV collagen was observed in the vascular basement membranes and tumor basement membranes and showed statistically significant correlation with lymph node metastasis (P=0.0002, Odd's ratio=0.194) and prognosis (P=0.0001). The immunoreactivity of MMP-2 and type IV collagen was inversely correlated (Kendall's Tau-b correlation = 0.37482, P=0.0001). Our results suggest that in human gastric adenocarcinoma the increased immunoreactivity of MMP-2 and the decreased immunoreactivity of type IV collagen has an important role in lymph node metastasis and prognosis. MMP-1,3 are not correlated with lymph node metastasis but correlated with survival. The mechanism responsible for the production of MMP by the host fibroblasts remains obscure and requires further investigation.
Key Words: Human gastric adenocarcinoma; Matrix metalloproteinase; Type IV collagen; Lymph node metastasis; Prognosis