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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1998;32(5): 362-369.
Carcinosarcoma (Malignant M llerian Mixed Tumor) of the Female Genital Tract: A clinical and pathologic study of ten carcinosarcomas.
Sung Ran Hong, Yee Jeong Kim, Hy Sook Kim, Jae Uk Shim, Chong Taik Park
1Department of Pathology, Samsung Cheil Hospital, Sung Kyun Kwan University, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Samsung Cheil Hospital, Sung Kyun Kwan University, Seoul, Korea.
ABSTRACT
Carcinosarcomas of the female genital tract have generally been regarded as a type of sarcoma. Recent studies, however, suggest the tumor may be more closely related to carcinoma and may represent metaplastic carcinoma in histogenesis. We analyzed clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features of 10 carcinosarcomas to evaluate the relative importance of the carcinomatous and sarcomatous components in metastasis and recurrence. The primary tumor originated in the uterine body in seven cases, the uterine cervix in two and the ovary in one. Patient,s ages ranged from 54 to 71 years (mean, 64). The most common symptom of the uterine mass was vaginal bleeding. The median survival time was 21 months following diagnosis in five cases. Surgico-pathologic FIGO stages of five patients who received an operation were stage III and IV, but clinical FIGO stage of three patients (60%) among them were I. Lymphovascular invasions were identified in seven areas; five vascular invasion lesions showed the carcinomatous component alone, one the sarcomatous component alone, and remained one admixture of both components. Metastatic and recurrent lesions to the paraaortic lymph node, ovary, pelvic wall, or vaginal vault showed characteristically carcinomatous component only. Immunohistochemically, positive reactions for cytokeratin and epithelial membrane antigen were noted in the sarcomatous component of five cases. Vimentin positivity was detected in carcinomatous component of three cases. We conclude that the dominant element in carcinosarcomas of the female genital tract is the carcinomatous component. The survival rate of carcinosarcoma is extremely poor. The surgico-pathologic stage is better indicator of survival than the clinical stage. Immunohistochemical findings suggest that carcinosarcoma may represent a metaplastic carcinoma in histogenesis.
Key Words: Female genital tract; Carcinosarcoma; Malignant mixed m llerian tumor