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Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine 2021;55(5): 330-337.
doi: https://doi.org/10.4132/jptm.2021.07.25
Upward trend in follicular lymphoma among the Korean population: 10-year experience at a large tertiary institution
Meejeong Kim1 , Hee Sang Hwang1 , Hyungwoo Cho2 , Dok Hyun Yoon2 , Cheolwon Suh2 , Chan Sik Park1 , Heounjeong Go1 , Jooryung Huh1
1Department of Pathology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Oncology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Corresponding Author: Jooryung Huh ,Tel: +82-2-3010-4553, Fax: +82-2-472-7898, Email: jrhuh@amc.seoul.kr
Received: April 13, 2021;  Revised: June 26, 2021  Accepted: July 25, 2021.  Published online: September 2, 2021.
ABSTRACT

Background:
Follicular lymphoma (FL) is the second most common non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in Western countries. However, it is relatively rare in Asia. This study examined epidemiologic characteristics of FL in South Korea, with an emphasis on recent trends of increase in cases.
Methods:
We retrospectively examined 239 cases of newly diagnosed FL at a large tertiary institution in Korea (Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea) between 2008 and 2017. Age-adjusted incidence rates and clinicopathological variables were analyzed, and joinpoint regression analysis was used to identify the changes.
Results:
The age-adjusted incidence of FL significantly increased during the study period (p = .034), and the ratio of (relative incidence) patients with FL to patients with NHL increased from 4.28% to 9.35% in the same period. Over the 10-year study assessment duration, the proportion of patients with stage III/IV FL (p = .035) and expression of BCL2 (p = .022) or BCL6 (p = .039) significantly increased. From 2013–2017, the proportion of patients with highrisk Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (FLIPI) score increased (21.5% to 28.7%), whereas that of low-risk FLIPI decreased (55.4% to 38.6%), although those results were not statistically significant (p = .066).
Conclusions:
We found an increasing incidence of FL, with a disproportionate increase in the incidence of high-stage disease and recent changes in the clinicopathologic features of the Korean patient population.
Key Words: Follicular lymphoma; Korea; Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (FLIPI); BCL2; BCL6
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