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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1997;31(6): 546-556.
Expression of CD44 Splice Variants(v4/5 and v6), alpha-Smooth Muscle Actin, and nm23 Proteins in IB-IIB Uterine Cervical Cancer.
Hee Kyung Chang, Man Ha Huh, Dong Hee Kim, Un Dong Park
1Department of Pathology, Kosin University Medical Center, Pusan, Korea.
2Department of Obstetrics, Kosin University Medical Center, Pusan, Korea.
3Department of Gynecology, Kosin University Medical Center, Pusan, Korea.
We examined the expressions of CD44 splice variants (v4/5, v6), alpha-smooth muscle actin, nm23 to evaluate their roles as prognostic factors in 70 cases of uterine cervical carcinoma (stage IB to IIB) who were surgically treated from January 1989 to June 1990 with a clinical follow-up of a minimum of 5 years. The expression was examined by an immunohistochemical method using archival formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue. In the 70 cases, 61 cases were squamous cell carcinoma and 9 cases were adenocarcinoma. CD44v4/5, CD44v6, alpha-smooth muscle actin, and nm23 were detected in 41.4%, 70%, 100%, and 74.3% of tumor samples, respectively. CD44 splice variants and nm23 showed membrane and cytoplasmic staining of tumor cells, respectively. The expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin showed cytoplasmic staining confined to stromal cells and was classified into three grades by the extent in stromal cells: with less than 10% of stromal cells; 32.9%, 10-50% of stromal cells; 40.0%, more than 50%; 27.1%. These expressions were not correlated with histologic types, lymph node involvement, recurrence, and grades of tumor infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL). But CD44v4/5 had significantly inverse correlation with TIL (p=0.049). The expression of CD44v4/5 was significantly correlated with that of CD44v6 (p=0.05), and that of alpha-smooth muscle actin was inversely correlated with that of nm23 (p=0.049). In conclusion, in FIGO IB-IIB uterine cervical carcinoma CD44 variants, nm23, and SMA show high prevalence, however, with little prognostic significance assessed by recurrence and lymph node metastasis.
Key Words: Uterine cervical cancer; CD44 v4/5; CD44 v6; alpha-Smooth muscle actin; nm23 protein