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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1997;31(5): 427-435.
Immunohistochemical Localization of Extracellular Matrix Components in Diabetic Nephropathy.
Seung Sam Paik, Moon Hyang Park
Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-792, Korea.
Normal human glomerular basement membrane (GBM) and mesangial matrix (MM) contain several different basement membrane components in varying degrees. The characteristic morphological and ultrastructural changes in patients with diabetic nephropathy are the thickening of the GBM and the expansion of the MM. In order to investigate the changes of extracellular matrix components in diabetes, the immunohistochemical localization was performed in 17 cases with different degrees using antisera to human collagen types I, III, IV, VI, fibronectin, and laminin. The following results were obtained: 1. The reactivity for collagen IV was increased in expanded MM in the diffuse glomerulosclerosis (GS). With the progression to the nodule formation, collagen IV was prominently decreased in the peripheral area of the nodules. 2. Collagen VI was increased in GBM and MM in the diffuse GS, it was especially prominent in the expanded MM. With the progression to nodule formation, collagen VI was prominently increased in the periphery of the nodules. 3. Interstitial collagen I and III were not stained in many of the cases with the diffuse GS. With the progression to nodule formation, these were slightly expressed. A lamellar pattern of positive reaction was noted at the periphery of the late nodular lesions. 4. Fibronectin was increased in GBM & MM in the diffuse GS, it was especially intense in the MM. With the progression to the nodule formation, the reactivity of antibody to the fibronectin was decreased. 5. Laminin was weakly stained along the GBM & trace in the MM, but was not changed in the nodular GS. In summary, the expanded mesangial matrix in the diffuse GS showed a markedly increased staining for collagen IV, fibronectin and collagen VI. Less intense linear staining for collagen VI, fibronectin, laminin, collagen IV and collagen III was noted along the GBM. In the nodular GS, the composition of the early nodules resembled that of the diffuse GS. However, the late nodular lesion of the nodular GS revealed decreased reactivity for collagen IV and fibronectin at the periphery of the nodule, where collagen VI and interstitial collagen I and III were increased in laminated pattern.
Key Words: Extracellular matrix; Collagen IV; Collagen VI; Fibronectin; Diabetic nephropathy