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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1996;30(12): 1099-1105.
A Study on Expression of p53 Protein according to Histologic Types, Degree of Malignancy and Differentiation of the Ovarian Surface Epithelial Tumors.
Young Ju Kim, Mi Yeong Jeon, Hye Kyoung Yoon, Mi Young Sol
1Department of Pathology, Pusan Paik Hospital, College of Medicine, Inje University, Pusan, Korea.
2Department of Pathology, Pusan National University, Pusan, Korea.
ABSTRACT
p53 gene alterations in the ovarian cancers are regarded as early events in the whole process of carcinogenesis. This study is intended to compare p53 protein expression rate in the ovarian surface epithelial tumors according to histologic types, degree of malignancy and differentiation. 134 cases of ovarian epithelial tumors including 26 cases of serous cystadenoma, 7 cases of serous borderline malignancy, 15 cases of serous cystadenocarcinoma, 40 cases of mucinous cystadenoma, 21 cases of mucinous borderline malignancy, 20 cases of mucinous cystadenocarcinoma, 4 cases of endometrioid carcinoma, and 1 case of clear cell carcinoma were studied. Immunohistochemistry using monoclonal p53 antibody(DO-7) was applied to the routine formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue. The results were as follows; 1. No immunohistochemical positivity of p53 protein was found in all 66 cases of benign serous and mucinous tumors studied. 2. There was no significant difference of p53 protein expression between serous and mucinous malignant tumors. 3. The expression rate of p53 protein exhibited a statistically significant difference between borderline(42%) and malignant(74%) ovarian surface epithelial tumors (p<0.05). 4. The expression rate of p53 protein of poorly differentiated carcinomas(100%) was higher than those of moderately (88%) and well differentiated carcinomas(60%), but there was no statistical significance. In summary, p53 protein expression might be a good indicator of malignant transformation of the ovarian surface epithelial tumors.
Key Words: p53; Ovary; Surface epithelial tumor