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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1996;30(7): 557-569.
Immunohistochemical Analysis of TGF-beta Expression and Angiogenesis in Infiltrating Duct Carcinoma of the Breast.
Tae Jin Lee, Nam Bok Cho, Eun Sub Park, Jae Hyung Yoo, Sung Jun Park
1Department of Pathology, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Surgery, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
ABSTRACT
Forty cases of infiltrating duct carcinoma of the breast were examined immunohistochemically for expression of TGF-beta and angiogenesis in order to analyze significant correlation with prognostic parameters including tumor size, axillary lymph node metastasis, clinical stage, histologic grade, estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor status. The TGF-beta expression was observed in tumors center and advancing edges of tumors. To determine microvessel density for angiogenesis, we stained endothelial cells for Factor VIII related antigen and counted microvessel within tumor. The results were as follows: 1) The strong immunohistochemical expression of TGF-beta and higher counts of microvessels were observed in advancing edges of tumors (p<0.05). 2) The TGF-beta expression in the advancing edges of tumors was closely related to clinical stage and presence of axillary lymph node metastasis (p<0.05). 3) The mean microvessel counts were significantly higher in tumors from patients with axillary lymph node metastasis and increased with increasing clinical stage (p<0.05). 4) The TGF-beta expression was not related to histologic grade, estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor status(p>0.05). Therefore, the results suggested that the TGF-beta expression and angiogenesis in infiltrating duct carcinoma of the breast may play an important part in prognostic factors, closely related to the lymph node metastasis and clinical stage.
Key Words: Breast; Infiltrating duct carcinoma; TGF-beta; Angiogenesis; Metastasis; Clinical stage