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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1996;30(3): 175-183.
Ultrastructural Changes of the Bile Canaliculi after Common Bile Duct Ligation.
Kook Seon Yoo, Suk Hee Lee, Hee Kyung Park, Chang Ho Cho, Jong Min Chae
1Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Korea.
2Department of Oral Pathology, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Korea.
3Department of Pathology, Pohang Sun-Rin Presbyterian Hospital, Korea.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the morphologic changes of the bile canaliculi and its associated structures of the liver induced by common bile duct ligation(CBDL) in the rat. The canalicular surface and lateral surface of the dry-fractured hepatocytes was studied with scanning electron microscopy at 1~6 weeks post ligation. The first week after CBDL, the bile canaliculi were dilated. The microvilli were increased in number and the lumens contained granular materials After 2 weeks or more, the bile canaliculi were dilated to a variable degree, and with irregularity, measuring from 1.5 to 5 micrometer in diameter, and in the advanced stage, the canaliculi showed blunting and the disappearance of microvilli. Some canaliculi had sprouting side branches. At 4~6 weeks post-ligation, the lateral surface of the hepatocytes also showed some irregularity and a tortuous appearance, and numerous small sized microvillous projections were formed. The tubular structures of the proliferated SER distributed adjacent to the lateral surface of the hepatocytes, and the direct connection of a tubular structure and the cytoplasmic membrane was observed. These results suggest that the deformity and loss of microvilli of bile canaliculi reflect the disturbance of bile secretion from the hepatocytes. And prolonged obstruction of bile flow may result in bile excretion via the lateral surface of hepatocytes.
Key Words: Rat liver; Common bile duct ligation; Scanning electron microscopy