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The Korean Journal of Cytopathology 1994;5(2): 113-119.
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytologic Findings of Kikuchi's Lymphadenitis: Analysis of 30 cases.
Hyun Ju Yoo, Hye Je Cho, Ill Hyang Ko
Department of Pathology Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University, Korea.
Thirty cases of kikuchi's lymphadenitis, diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology, were reviewed to determine the main cytologic features helpful in reaching a diagnosis. The patients(mean age 26.6 years. male: female=1:3.8) presented with lymphadenopathy(cervical 24, submandibular 3, and axillary 1) with or without fever and local tenderness. Excisional biopsy was done for confirmation in 5 cases and the remaining 25 cases showed the similar cytologic and clinical features. In the aspiration smears of all cases. there was a heterogenous cellular mixture including frequent extracellular karyorrhectic nuclear debris, phagocytic histiocytes, plasmacy toid monocytes, and a variable number of polymorphous lymphocytes such as immunoblasts. activated large lymphocytes, and small mature lymphocytes, The characteristic cytologic features of kikuchi's lymphadenitis were the following: (1) frequent extracelluar karyorrhectic nuclear debris in the background: (2) phagocytic histiocytes with eccentrically placed crescentic nuclei and abundant pale cytoplasm containing phagocytized karyorrhectic debris: (3) plasmacytoid monocytes, which were medium-sized cells with eccentrically placed round nuclei and amphophilic cytoplasm: (4) no neutrophilic background.
Key Words: Kikuchi's lymphadenitis; Fine needle aspiration cytology