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1 "Agustina D. Abelardo"
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Thyroid Fine-Needle Aspiration Practice in the Philippines
Agustina D. Abelardo
J Pathol Transl Med. 2017;51(6):555-559.   Published online October 5, 2017
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is a well accepted initial approach in the management of thyroid lesions. It has come a long way since its introduction for nearly a century ago. In the Philippines, FNA of the thyroid was first introduced 30 years ago and has been utilized until now as a mainstay in the diagnosis of thyroid malignancy. The procedure is performed by pathologists, endocrinologists, surgeons, and radiologists. Most pathologists report the cytodiagnosis using a combination of the aspiration biopsy cytology method that closely resembles the histopathologic diagnosis of thyroid disorders and the six-tier nomenclature of The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology. Local endocrinologists and surgeons follow the guidelines of the 2015 American Thyroid Association in the management of thyroid disorders. There is still a paucity of local research studies but available data deal with cytohistologic correlations, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy rates as well as usefulness of ultrasound-guided FNA. Cytohistologic correlations have a wide range of sensitivity from 30.7% to 73% and specificity from 83% to 100%. The low sensitivity can be attributed to poor tissue sampling since a majority of the thyroid FNA is done by palpation only. The reliability can be improved if FNA is guided by ultrasound as attested in both international and local studies. Overall, FNA of the thyroid has enabled the diagnosis of thyroid disorders with an accuracy of 72.8% to 87.2% and it correlates well with histopathology.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Application of the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology in the Pediatric Population
    Huy Gia Vuong, Ayana Suzuki, Hee Young Na, Pham Van Tuyen, Doan Minh Khuy, Hiep Canh Nguyen, Tikamporn Jitpasutham, Agustina Abelardo, Takashi Amano, So Yeon Park, Chan Kwon Jung, Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa, Ryohei Katoh, Kennichi Kakudo, Andrey Bychkov
    American Journal of Clinical Pathology.2021; 155(5): 680.     CrossRef
  • Thyroid FNA cytology in Asian practice-Active surveillance for indeterminate thyroid nodules reduces overtreatment of thyroid carcinomas
    K. Kakudo, M. Higuchi, M. Hirokawa, S. Satoh, C. K. Jung, A. Bychkov
    Cytopathology.2017; 28(6): 455.     CrossRef
  • The Use of Fine-Needle Aspiration (FNA) Cytology in Patients with Thyroid Nodules in Asia: A Brief Overview of Studies from the Working Group of Asian Thyroid FNA Cytology
    Chan Kwon Jung, SoonWon Hong, Andrey Bychkov, Kennichi Kakudo
    Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine.2017; 51(6): 571.     CrossRef

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine