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JPTM > Volume 44(4); 2010 > Article
The Korean Journal of Pathology 2010;44(4): 376-383.
doi: https://doi.org/10.4132/KoreanJPathol.2010.44.4.376
Pathologic Characteristics of Ovarian Hemorrhagic Polycyst in Estrogen Receptor-alpha (ERalpha) Knockout Mice and Roles of ERalpha in Hemorrhagic Polycyst.
Hyun Jin Son, Joo Heon Kim, Hye Kyung Lee, Mee Ja Park, Dong Wook Kang, Che Myong Ko
1Department of Pathology, Eulji University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea. astrias@eulji.ac.kr
2Division of Reproductive Sciences, Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.
ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrinopathy causing anovulation in women of childbearing age. It has been well established that estrogen receptor-alpha knockout (ERalphaKO) mice display several pathologic ovarian phenotypes of PCOS. The aims of this study were to determine ovarian pathology in new ERalphaKO mice using a CreloxP approach and intra-ovarian ERalpha function as regulating key aspects of PCOS. METHODS: ERalphaKO mice, which were deficient in exon 3 of the ERalpha gene, were used. Immunohistochemical studies were done on ovaries of control and ERalphaKO mice using antibodies specific to ERalpha, ERbeta, inhibin-alpha, and alpha-smooth muscle actin (SMA), as well as histochemical staining using Sudan black-B. RESULTS: All ovaries of ERalphaKO mice were larger than control mouse ovaries and displayed a disrupted theca-interstitial tissue organization, multiple atretic follicles and multiple hemorrhagic cysts. None of the ERalphaKO mouse ovaries showed a corpus luteum. In addition, heavy deposition of Sudan black-B positive foamy cells was seen. The theca externa of preantral immature follicles and hemorrhagic cysts showed strong expression of alpha-SMA. CONCLUSIONS: ERalphaKO mice show hemorrhagic polycystic ovaries and hyperplasia of the theca externa. This study demonstrates that the ERalpha is the functional key to the pathogenesis of PCOS.
Key Words: Polycystic ovary syndrome; Estrogen receptor-alpha knockout (ERalphaKO); Hemorrhagic polycysts; Immunohistochemistry
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