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Original Article
A multicenter study of interobserver variability in pathologic diagnosis of papillary breast lesions on core needle biopsy with WHO classification
Hye Ju Kang, Sun Young Kwon, Ahrong Kim, Woo Gyeong Kim, Eun Kyung Kim, Ae Ree Kim, Chungyeul Kim, Soo Kee Min, So Young Park, Sun Hee Sung, Hye Kyoung Yoon, Ahwon Lee, Ji Shin Lee, Hyang Im Lee, Ho Chang Lee, Sung Chul Lim, Sun Young Jun, Min Jung Jung, Chang Won Jung, Soo Youn Cho, Eun Yoon Cho, Hye Jeong Choi, So Yeon Park, Jee Yeon Kim, In Ae Park, Youngmee Kwon
J Pathol Transl Med. 2021;55(6):380-387.   Published online October 6, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/jptm.2021.07.29
  • 2,698 View
  • 162 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Background
Papillary breast lesions (PBLs) comprise diverse entities from benign and atypical lesions to malignant tumors. Although PBLs are characterized by a papillary growth pattern, it is challenging to achieve high diagnostic accuracy and reproducibility. Thus, we investigated the diagnostic reproducibility of PBLs in core needle biopsy (CNB) specimens with World Health Organization (WHO) classification.
Methods
Diagnostic reproducibility was assessed using interobserver variability (kappa value, κ) and agreement rate in the pathologic diagnosis of 60 PBL cases on CNB among 20 breast pathologists affiliated with 20 medical institutions in Korea. This analysis was performed using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining for cytokeratin 5 (CK5) and p63. The pathologic diagnosis of PBLs was based on WHO classification, which was used to establish simple classifications (4-tier, 3-tier, and 2-tier).
Results
On WHO classification, H&E staining exhibited ‘fair agreement’ (κ = 0.21) with a 47.0% agreement rate. Simple classifications presented improvement in interobserver variability and agreement rate. IHC staining increased the kappa value and agreement rate in all the classifications. Despite IHC staining, the encapsulated/solid papillary carcinoma (EPC/SPC) subgroup (κ = 0.16) exhibited lower agreement compared to the non-EPC/SPC subgroup (κ = 0.35) with WHO classification, which was similar to the results of any other classification systems.
Conclusions
Although the use of IHC staining for CK5 and p63 increased the diagnostic agreement of PBLs in CNB specimens, WHO classification exhibited a higher discordance rate compared to any other classifications. Therefore, this result warrants further intensive consensus studies to improve the diagnostic reproducibility of PBLs with WHO classification.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • High-risk and selected benign breast lesions diagnosed on core needle biopsy: Evidence for and against immediate surgical excision
    Aparna Harbhajanka, Hannah L. Gilmore, Benjamin C. Calhoun
    Modern Pathology.2022; 35(11): 1500.     CrossRef
Review
Standardized pathology report for breast cancer
Soo Youn Cho, So Yeon Park, Young Kyung Bae, Jee Yeon Kim, Eun Kyung Kim, Woo Gyeong Kim, Youngmee Kwon, Ahwon Lee, Hee Jin Lee, Ji Shin Lee, Jee Young Park, Gyungyub Gong, Hye Kyoung Yoon
J Pathol Transl Med. 2021;55(1):1-15.   Published online January 11, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/jptm.2020.11.20
  • 4,902 View
  • 402 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Given the recent advances in management and understanding of breast cancer, a standardized pathology report reflecting these changes is critical. To meet this need, the Breast Pathology Study Group of the Korean Society of Pathologists has developed a standardized pathology reporting format for breast cancer, consisting of ‘standard data elements,’ ‘conditional data elements,’ and a biomarker report form. The ‘standard data elements’ consist of the basic pathologic features used for prognostication, while other factors related to prognosis or diagnosis are described in the ‘conditional data elements.’ In addition to standard data elements, all recommended issues are also presented. We expect that this standardized pathology report for breast cancer will improve diagnostic concordance and communication between pathologists and clinicians, as well as between pathologists inter-institutionally.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Sentinel lymph node biopsy in patients with ductal carcinoma in situ: systematic review and meta-analysis
    Matthew G. Davey, Colm O’Flaherty, Eoin F. Cleere, Aoife Nohilly, James Phelan, Evan Ronane, Aoife J. Lowery, Michael J. Kerin
    BJS Open.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
Case Study
Merkel Cell Carcinoma Metastatic to Pleural Fluid: A Case Report
Ye-Young Rhee, Soo Hee Kim, Eun Kyung Kim, Se Hoon Kim
J Pathol Transl Med. 2018;52(3):206-209.   Published online November 23, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/jptm.2017.11.10
  • 5,001 View
  • 122 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare aggressive neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin that shows locoregional or distant metastasis. Metastasis of MCC to body cavity effusion is extremely rare; only three cases have been reported so far. Metastatic MCC in effusion cytology shows small blue round cells with fine stippled chromatin like other small blue round cell tumors such as small cell lung carcinoma or lymphoma. The diagnosis of metastatic MCC can grant patients good chances at recently advanced therapeutic options. Here, we present a case of metastatic MCC to pleural effusion with characteristic single file-like pattern.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Merkel cell carcinoma presenting as a malignant pleural effusion post‐COVID ‐19 hospitalization: A case report and literature review
    Joel Lanceta, Mesut Toprak, Oana C. Rosca
    Diagnostic Cytopathology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Cytology coupled with immunocytochemistry identifies Merkel cell carcinoma: A rare intruder in the cerebrospinal fluid
    Reetu Kundu, Brijdeep Singh, Pranab Dey
    Cytopathology.2022; 33(4): 530.     CrossRef
  • Derrame pleural por carcinoma de células de Merkel
    María J. Soler-Sempere, María O. Alvárez-Fernández, Isabel Padilla-Navas, María Cabezas-Macián, Jose F. Sánchez-Hernández, Eduardo García-Pachón
    Archivos de Bronconeumología.2021; 57(11): 715.     CrossRef
  • A rare case of pleural localisation of both metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia
    Elise Kaspi, Shirley Fritz, Julien Colle, Florent Amatore, Diane Frankel, Patrice Roll
    Cytopathology.2021; 32(3): 367.     CrossRef
  • Merkel cell carcinoma with pleural effusion
    María J. Soler-Sempere, María O. Alvárez-Fernández, Isabel Padilla-Navas, María Cabezas-Macián, Jose F. Sánchez-Hernández, Eduardo García-Pachón
    Archivos de Bronconeumología (English Edition).2021; 57(11): 715.     CrossRef
Original Article
Comparison of Unsatisfactory Samples from Conventional Smear versus Liquid-Based Cytology in Uterine Cervical Cancer Screening Test
Hoiseon Jeong, Sung Ran Hong, Seoung-Wan Chae, So-Young Jin, Hye Kyoung Yoon, Juhie Lee, Eun Kyung Kim, Sook Tai Ha, Sung Nam Kim, Eun-Jung Park, Jong Jae Jung, Sun Hee Sung, Sung-chul Lim
J Pathol Transl Med. 2017;51(3):314-319.   Published online April 17, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/jptm.2017.03.17
  • 8,903 View
  • 276 Download
  • 14 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Cervical cytology for uterine cervical cancer screening has transitioned from conventional smear (CS) to liquid-based cytology (LBC), which has many advantages. The aim of this study was to compare the proportion of unsatisfactory specimens from CS versus LBC at multiple institutions including general hospitals and commercial laboratories.
Methods
Each participating institution provided a minimum of 500 Papanicolaou (Pap) test results for analysis. Pap tests were classified according to the participating institution (commercial laboratory or general hospital) and the processing method (CS, ThinPrep, SurePath, or CellPrep). The causes of unsatisfactory results were classified as technical problems, scant cellularity, or complete obscuring factors.
Results
A total of 38,956 Pap test results from eight general hospitals and three commercial laboratories were analyzed. The mean unsatisfactory rate of LBC was significantly lower than that of CS (1.26% and 3.31%, p = .018). In the LBC method, samples from general hospitals had lower unsatisfactory rates than those from commercial laboratories (0.65% vs 2.89%, p = .006). The reasons for unsatisfactory results were heterogeneous in CS. On the other hand, 66.2% of unsatisfactory results in LBC were due to the scant cellularity.
Conclusions
Unsatisfactory rate of cervical cancer screening test results varies according to the institution and the processing method. LBC has a significantly lower unsatisfactory rate than CS.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Liquid-Based cytology in the detection of premalignant lesions in patients with “atypia in squamous cells” in conventional cytology
    Lia Barrios, Yoled Vizcaíno, Ines Benedetti
    Journal of Cytology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Meeting the challenges of cervical cancer screening and HPV vaccination in the UK
    Roxanne Westwood , Joanna Lavery
    Primary Health Care.2022; 32(1): 22.     CrossRef
  • Method for preservation of DNA stability of liquid-based cytology specimens from a lung adenocarcinoma cell line
    Yukiko Matsuo, Kazuya Yamashita, Tsutomu Yoshida, Yukitoshi Satoh
    Virchows Archiv.2021; 478(3): 507.     CrossRef
  • High-risk human papillomavirus test in anal smears: can it optimize the screening for anal cancer?
    Cintia M.S. Kimura, Caio S.R. Nahas, Edésio V. Silva-Filho, Vinícius L. Ribeiro, Aluisio C. Segurado, Flávio F.P. Alcântara, Ivan Cecconello, Sergio C. Nahas
    AIDS.2021; 35(5): 737.     CrossRef
  • Automatic model for cervical cancer screening based on convolutional neural network: a retrospective, multicohort, multicenter study
    Xiangyu Tan, Kexin Li, Jiucheng Zhang, Wenzhe Wang, Bian Wu, Jian Wu, Xiaoping Li, Xiaoyuan Huang
    Cancer Cell International.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The cytological component of cervical cancer screening: causes of false negative and false positive results, and ways to avoid them
    O.A. Burka, N.F. Lygyrda, V.V. Kutsovol, A.V. Svintsitska
    REPRODUCTIVE ENDOCRINOLOGY.2021; (57): 61.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of liquid-based cytology with conventional smear cytology for EUS-guided FNA of solid pancreatic masses: a prospective randomized noninferiority study
    Jung Won Chun, Kyoungbun Lee, Sang Hyub Lee, Haeryoung Kim, Min Su You, Yoon Jung Hwang, Woo Hyun Paik, Ji Kon Ryu, Yong-Tae Kim
    Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.2020; 91(4): 837.     CrossRef
  • Effective reduction in inadequate Pap smears by using a saline-lubricated speculum and two glass slides
    Chi-Jui Chen, Mun-Kun Hong, Dah-Ching Ding
    Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.2020; 59(6): 906.     CrossRef
  • Characterizing the Effect of Automated Cell Sorting Solutions on Cytomorphological Changes
    Katsuhide Ikeda, Shouichi Sato, Hiroshi Chigira, Yasuo Shibuki, Nobuyoshi Hiraoka
    Acta Cytologica.2020; 64(3): 232.     CrossRef
  • Comparison between Conventional Cytology and Liquid-Based Cytology in the Tertiary Brazilian Navy Hospital in Rio de Janeiro
    Antônio Carlos Almeida de Oliveira, Miguel Fontes Domingues, Paulo Murilo Neufeld, Marcos Fleury, José Firmino Nogueira Neto
    Acta Cytologica.2020; 64(6): 539.     CrossRef
  • Follow‐up with histopathology and HPV testing on LSIL cytology in China’s largest academic woman’s hospital
    Xiang Tao, Huina Zhang, Hao Zhang, Jianan Xiao, Juan Li, Xianrong Zhou, Li Wang, Chengquan Zhao
    Cancer Cytopathology.2019; 127(4): 258.     CrossRef
  • Current Status of and Perspectives on Cervical Cancer Screening in Korea
    Sung-Chul Lim, Chong Woo Yoo
    Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine.2019; 53(4): 210.     CrossRef
  • Reducing DNA damage by formaldehyde in liquid‐based cytology preservation solutions to enable the molecular testing of lung cancer specimens
    Yukiko Matsuo, Tsutomu Yoshida, Kazuya Yamashita, Yukitoshi Satoh
    Cancer Cytopathology.2018; 126(12): 1011.     CrossRef
  • Cervical Cancer Screening Programs in Europe: The Transition Towards HPV Vaccination and Population-Based HPV Testing
    Andreas Chrysostomou, Dora Stylianou, Anastasia Constantinidou, Leondios Kostrikis
    Viruses.2018; 10(12): 729.     CrossRef
Case Study
Mucinous Carcinoma with Extensive Signet Ring Cell Differentiation: A Case Report
Hye Min Kim, Eun Kyung Kim, Ja Seung Koo
J Pathol Transl Med. 2017;51(2):176-179.   Published online December 5, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/jptm.2016.08.17
  • 8,377 View
  • 149 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Breast cancers that present with mucin include mucinous carcinoma and carcinoma with signet ring cell differentiation. The former shows extracellular mucin and the latter shows abundant intracellular mucin. Here, we report a case of breast cancer showing both extracellular mucin and extensive signet ring cell differentiation due to abundant intracellular mucin. Unlike mucinous carcinoma, this case had the features of high-grade nuclear pleomorphism, high mitotic index, estrogen receptor negativity, progesterone receptor negativity, human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 positivity, and ductal type with positivity for E-cadherin. In a case with signet ring cell differentiation, differential diagnosis with metastatic signet ring cell carcinoma of the stomach and colon is essential. In this case, the presence of accompanied ductal carcinoma in situ component and mammaglobin and gross cystic disease fluid protein-15 positivity were findings that suggested the breast as the origin.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Research on the Histological Features and Pathological Types of Gastric Adenocarcinoma With Mucinous Differentiation
    Nian-Long Meng, Yang-kun Wang, Hai-Li Wang, Jun-Ling Zhou, Su-nan Wang
    Frontiers in Medicine.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Clinicopathologic characteristics of HER2-positive pure mucinous carcinoma of the breast
    Yunjeong Jang, Hera Jung, Han-Na Kim, Youjeong Seo, Emad Alsharif, Seok Jin Nam, Seok Won Kim, Jeong Eon Lee, Yeon Hee Park, Eun Yoon Cho, Soo Youn Cho
    Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine.2020; 54(1): 95.     CrossRef
  • Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2-positive Mucinous Carcinoma with Signet Ring Cell Differentiation, Which Showed Complete Response after Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy
    Yunjeong Jang, Eun Yoon Cho, Soo Youn Cho
    Journal of Breast Cancer.2019; 22(2): 336.     CrossRef
Original Article
Upregulated Neuro-oncological Ventral Antigen 1 (NOVA1) Expression Is Specific to Mature and Immature T- and NK-Cell Lymphomas
Eun Kyung Kim, Sun Och Yoon, Soo Hee Kim, Woo Ick Yang, Yoon Ah Cho, Soo Jeong Kim
J Pathol Transl Med. 2016;50(2):104-112.   Published online February 29, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/jptm.2016.02.08
  • 7,858 View
  • 66 Download
  • 11 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
Recent studies have revealed that the splicing factor neuro-oncological ventral antigen 1 (NOVA1) is enriched in fibroblasts and accumulated T cells of tertiary lymphoid structures. In the present study, we investigated NOVA1 expression in various subtypes of mature and immature T- and natural killer (NK)-cell lymphomas as well as in various B-cell lymphoma subtypes. Methods: NOVA1 immunoexpression was evaluated in hyperplastic palatine tonsils (n = 20), T- and NK-cell lymphomas (n = 177), diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (n = 151), and other types of B cell lymphomas (n = 31). Nuclear staining intensity and percentage of positive tumor cells were graded. NOVA1 mRNA expression was analyzed in various lymphoma cell lines. Results: Tumor cells of T- and NK-cell lymphomas showed higher expression levels of NOVA1 than did normal paracortical T cells, and 56.5% of T- and NK-cell lymphoma cases showed diffuse and strong expression. The NOVA1 expression level varied according to the subtype; it was higher in angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma, anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), and T lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (T-LBL), but it was lower in ALK-positive ALCL. In almost all B-cell lymphomas, NOVA1 expression was very low or negative. NOVA1 mRNA was also expressed in Jurkat, a T-LBL cell line. Conclusions: The present findings suggest that NOVA1 upregulation may be involved in certain subtypes of T- and NK-cell lymphomas, but not in B-cell lymphomas. Upregulated NOVA1 expression seems to be a specific biological feature of activated T cells such as T- and NK-cell lymphomas.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • MicroRNA miR-27a-3p accelerates cardiac hypertrophy by targeting neuro-oncological ventral antigen 1
    Dongyun Li, Mingzhi Shen, Xinxin Deng, Yongyi Bai
    Bioengineered.2022; 13(4): 8982.     CrossRef
  • NOVA1 promotes NSCLC proliferation and invasion by activating Wnt/β-catenin signaling
    Lianyue Qu, Yulong Tian, Fan Wang, Zixuan Li
    BMC Cancer.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Identification of the Functions and Prognostic Values of RNA Binding Proteins in Bladder Cancer
    Yue Wu, Zheng Liu, Xian Wei, Huan Feng, Bintao Hu, Bo Liu, Yang Luan, Yajun Ruan, Xiaming Liu, Zhuo Liu, Shaogang Wang, Jihong Liu, Tao Wang
    Frontiers in Genetics.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Nervous system and gastric cancer
    Ke Wang, Xin-hui Zhao, Jun Liu, Rui Zhang, Ji-peng Li
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Reviews on Cancer.2020; 1873(1): 188313.     CrossRef
  • The RNA-binding protein RBM47 inhibits non-small cell lung carcinoma metastasis through modulation of AXIN1 mRNA stability and Wnt/β-catentin signaling
    Di-jian Shen, You-hua Jiang, Jian-qiang Li, Li-wei Xu, Kai-yi Tao
    Surgical Oncology.2020; 34: 31.     CrossRef
  • Genome-Wide Profiling of Cervical RNA-Binding Proteins Identifies Human Papillomavirus Regulation of RNASEH2A Expression by Viral E7 and E2F1
    Junfen Xu, Habin Liu, Yanqin Yang, Xiaohong Wang, Poching Liu, Yang Li, Craig Meyers, Nilam Sanjib Banerjee, Hsu-Kun Wang, Maggie Cam, Weiguo Lu, Louise T. Chow, Xing Xie, Jun Zhu, Zhi-Ming Zheng, Xiang-Jin Meng, James Pipas, Xuefeng Liu, Lucia Pirisi-cre
    mBio.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • NOVA1 induction by inflammation and NOVA1 suppression by epigenetic regulation in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma
    Eun Kyung Kim, Yoon Ah Cho, Mi-kyoung Seo, Hyunmi Ryu, Byoung Chul Cho, Yoon Woo Koh, Sun Och Yoon
    Scientific Reports.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The RNA binding protein neuro‐oncological ventral antigen 1 (NOVA1) regulates IL-6 mRNA stability to enhance JAK2-STAT3 signaling in CRC
    Yong-gang Hong, Guo-shu Xu, Guan-yu Yu, Ji-dian Zhou, Qi-zhi Liu, Jun-sheng Ni, Hong-li Yan, Wei Zhang, Li-qiang Hao
    Surgical Oncology.2019; 31: 67.     CrossRef
  • NOVA1 acts as an oncogene in melanoma via regulating FOXO3a expression
    Xin Yu, Heyi Zheng, Matthew T.V. Chan, William K.K. Wu
    Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine.2018; 22(5): 2622.     CrossRef
  • Neuro-oncological ventral antigen 1 (NOVA1): Implications in neurological diseases and cancers
    Yu Xin, Zheng Li, Heyi Zheng, Jeffery Ho, Matthew T. V. Chan, William K. K. Wu
    Cell Proliferation.2017; 50(4): e12348.     CrossRef
  • New developments in the pathology of malignant lymphoma. A review of the literature published from January–April 2016
    J. Han van Krieken
    Journal of Hematopathology.2016; 9(2): 73.     CrossRef
Brief Case Reports
Soft Tissue Roasi-Dorfman Disease with Features of IgG4-Related Disease in a Patient with a History of Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Cheol Keun Park, Eun Kyung Kim, Ji-Ye Kim, Hayoung Woo, Mi Jang, Hyang Sook Jeong, Woo Ick Yang, Sang Kyum Kim
J Pathol Transl Med. 2016;50(3):246-249.   Published online November 17, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/jptm.2015.10.08
  • 6,454 View
  • 54 Download
PDF
Ureteral Marginal Zone Lymphoma of Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue, Chronic Inflammation, and Renal Artery Atherosclerosis
Hojung Lee, Jong Eun Joo, Young Ok Hong, Won Mi Lee, Eun Kyung Kim, Jeong Joo Woo, Soo Jung Gong, Jooryung Huh
J Pathol Transl Med. 2015;49(4):339-342.   Published online June 1, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/jptm.2015.04.28
  • 7,710 View
  • 61 Download
PDF
Case Study
Spindle Cell Rhabdomyosacoma of Uterus: A Case Study
Dae Woon Kim, Jung Hwan Shin, Ho Jung Lee, Young Ok Hong, Jong Eun Joo, Eun Kyung Kim
Korean J Pathol. 2013;47(4):388-391.   Published online August 26, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/KoreanJPathol.2013.47.4.388
  • 6,796 View
  • 34 Download
  • 8 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF

Uterine rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) typically presents as a mixed epithelial and mesenchymal tumors. Pure RMSs of the female genital tract are uncommon. Spindle cell variant of RMS is a rare morphologic subtype of embryonal RMS and mostly occurs in the paratesticular region of children. Here, we present a case of uterine spindle cell RMS in a 76-year-old woman. The tumor, 20×15×7 cm in size, was highly necrotic and adherent to the colon and rectum. Tumor cells were mostly spindle-shaped, and isolated rhabdomyoblasts were scattered. Immunohistochemical stains for myoglobin and myo-D1 showed diffuse positivity for tumor cells. The patient died only of disease three months after diagnosis.

Citations

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  • Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the uterine corpus: a clinicopathological and molecular analysis of 21 cases highlighting a frequent association with DICER1 mutations
    Jennifer A. Bennett, Zehra Ordulu, Robert H. Young, Andre Pinto, Koen Van de Vijver, Eike Burandt, Pankhuri Wanjari, Rajeev Shah, Leanne de Kock, William D. Foulkes, W. Glenn McCluggage, Lauren L. Ritterhouse, Esther Oliva
    Modern Pathology.2021; 34(9): 1750.     CrossRef
  • Vaginal embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma in young woman: A case report and literature review
    Lalya Issam, Laatitioui Sana, Essadi Ismail, El Omrani Abdelhamid, Khouchani Mouna
    Archives of Cancer Science and Therapy.2020; 4(1): 034.     CrossRef
  • Is fertility-preservation safe for adult non-metastatic gynecologic rhabdomyosarcoma patients? Systematic review and pooled survival analysis of 137 patients
    Maha AT Elsebaie, Zeinab Elsayed
    Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics.2018; 297(3): 559.     CrossRef
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    SK Kathpalia, Manju Mehrotra, Pinky Jena, Archana H Deshpande
    Women's Health.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Birgit Rommel, Carsten Holzmann, Jörn Bullerdiek
    Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy.2016; 16(11): 1155.     CrossRef
  • Human rhabdomyosarcoma cells express functional pituitary and gonadal sex hormone receptors: Therapeutic implications
    AGATA PONIEWIERSKA-BARAN, GABRIELA SCHNEIDER, WENYUE SUN, AHMED ABDELBASET-ISMAIL, FREDERIC G. BARR, MARIUSZ Z. RATAJCZAK
    International Journal of Oncology.2016; 48(5): 1815.     CrossRef
  • Primary third ventricular tumor in an 18-year-old man
    Tianping Yu, Mengni Zhang, Qiao Zhou, Jing Gong, Ling Nie, Xueqin Chen, Ni Chen
    Neuropathology.2015; 35(6): 599.     CrossRef
  • Uterine sarcoma in a 14year-old girl presenting with uterine rupture
    Jane Özcan, Özlem Dülger, Latif Küpelioğlu, Ali İhsan Gönenç, Aynur Erşahin
    Gynecologic Oncology Reports.2014; 10: 44.     CrossRef
Original Article
The Expression Pattern of Annexin A1 in Urinary Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma and Its Clinicopathologic Significance.
Hojung Lee, Seung Kyu Choi, Young Ok Hong, Won Mi Lee, Sook Kyung Ko, Eun Kyung Kim, Jong Eun Joo
Korean J Pathol. 2011;45(1):62-68.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/KoreanJPathol.2011.45.1.62
  • 2,590 View
  • 26 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Annexin A1 (ANXA1) is known to be involved in the progression and differentiation of various tumors. However, its significance and role in bladder carcinogenesis has not been fully elucidated. To determine the role ANXA1 plays in urothelial carcinoma (UC), we investigated the expression of ANXA1 protein in normal urothelial tissue, carcinoma in situ (CIS), and UC of the urinary bladder.
METHODS
Protein expression level of ANXA1 and its subcellular localization were analyzed in 88 cases of UCs and corresponding 24 normal tissues and 24 CISs by immunohistochemistry.
RESULTS
ANXA1 was significantly down-regulated at all subcellular localization in CIS and in the cytoplasm and membrane of cells of UC, compared to normal tissues. No significant correlation between ANXA1 expression level and tumor depth (pT), growth pattern, and recurrence was found. However, cytoplasmic and membranous ANXA1 were significantly up-regulated in high grade than in low grade UC (p=0.02 in cytoplasm and p=0.03 in membrane).
CONCLUSIONS
These results suggest that ANXA1 dysregulation is involved in urothelial carcinogenesis and ANXA1 is potentially a marker for the pathologic differentiation of UC.
Case Reports
Primary Malignant Melanoma of the Male Urethra.
Seung Wook Lee, Eun Kyung Kim, Won Mi Lee, Jung Man Jo, Tag Keun Yoo, Jeong Yoon Kang
Korean J Pathol. 2010;44(6):662-665.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/KoreanJPathol.2010.44.6.662
  • 2,426 View
  • 23 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Primary malignant melanoma occurring within the male urethra is very rare. Here we report a case of malignant melanoma of the urethra in a 74-year-old man. He presented with asymptomatic gross hematuria for 5 months. His glans penis and adjacent penile skin had become discolored black 10 years ago. Cystourethroscopy showed a smooth oval-shaped elevated mass in the fossa navicularis. There were no abnormal findings in the proximal urethra and urinary bladder. Computed tomography did not detect any inguinal lymph node enlargement or distant metastases. The patient underwent partial penectomy and ilioinguinal lymph node dissection. Grossly, the distal urethra revealed an ovoid pigmented nodule, that measured 1 x 0.5 cm. Microscopic findings showed a nodular malignant melanoma arising in the urethral mucosa with pagetoid spread to the epidermis of the glans penis. There were no recurrences over a period of 12 months after surgery without chemotherapy. This is the second case of a primary malignant melanoma of the male urethra in Korea.
Enterobius vermicularis Ova in a Vaginal Smear.
Seung Kyu Choi, Eun Kyung Kim, Young Ok Hong, Ho Jung Lee, Won Mi Lee, Sook Kyung Ko, Jong Eun Joo
Korean J Pathol. 2010;44(3):341-342.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/KoreanJPathol.2010.44.3.341
  • 3,098 View
  • 21 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Enterobius vermicularis is one of the most common parasites found in the intestine of humans. The gravid female worms migrate outside the anus to release eggs on the perianal skin. Rarely, they migrate to the genitourinary tract in female patients. We present a case in which pinworm eggs were found in a cervicovaginal smear of a 37-year-old woman. The eggs were elongated oval shaped and flattened on one side. The thick, double contoured birefringent shell stained bright yellow or orange. Some coarsely granular embryos or curved larvae were enclosed in the refractile shell. Empty eggs or wrinkled shells with clumped granular material were also present. Although pinworm eggs are easily identified because of their characteristic morphologic appearance, careful screening is needed due to the frequent masking by inflammatory cells.

Citations

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  • Enterobius vermicularis larvae in urine sample of female student: The first case report in Indonesia
    Didik Sumanto, Sayono Sayono, Puji Lestari Mudawamah
    Journal of Microbiology & Experimentation.2021; 9(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • VaginalEnterobius vermicularisdiagnosed on liquid-based cytology during Papanicolaou test cervical cancer screening: A report of two cases and a review of the literature
    Chun-Yi Tsai, Rachel Junod, Martine Jacot-Guillarmod, Charles Beniere, Sonia Ziadi, Massimo Bongiovanni
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  • Recurrent paediatric pinworm infection of the vagina as a potential reservoir for Enterobius vermicularis
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Original Article
Alteration of p53 Tumor Suppressor Gene in Hyperplastic Lesions and Adenocarcinomas of Uterine Endometrium - Immunohistochemistry and PCR-SSCP.
Eun Kyung Kim, Chan Kum Park, Gu Kong, Moon Hyang Park, Jung Dal Lee
Korean J Pathol. 1997;31(7):662-671.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
To investigate the role of the p53 gene in the development of endometrial adenocarcinoma and to study the relation between alteration of the p53 gene and histologic grade, the author studied the alteration of thep53 gene in hyperplastic lesions and adenocarcinomas of the uterine endometrium. The study was carried out with immunohistochemical stain and PCR-SSCP. The materials included ten cases of endometrial hyperplasia (five simple and five atypical complex) and 18 cases of endometrial adenocarcinoma. Overexpression of the p53 protein were found in one of five atypical complex hyperplasias (20%) and 11 of 18 adenocarcinomas (61.1%). The intensity of p53 overexpression appeared to have increasing tendency with higher histologic grade of adenocarcinomas. Among the II cases of adenocarcinoma that overexpressed p53 protien, five cases (45.5%) were found to have mutations by PCR-SSCP. One was grade 1 (20%), two were grade 11 (25%), and two were grade III (40%). The sites of mutation were three exon 8, one exon 5, and one exon 6. In conclusion, alteration of the p53 gene may paly a role in the development of endometrial adenocarcinoma and appears to occur as a late event in carcinogenesis.HHowever, inactivation of the p53 gene in early stage of tumor development cannot be excluded.
Case Report
Idiopathic Hypertrophic Spinal Pachymeningitis: A Case Report.
Eun Kyung Kim, Wan Seop Kim, Jong Eun Joo, Won Mi Lee, Byng Kwan Moon, Hyun Sook Kim
Korean J Pathol. 2002;36(4):278-280.
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We report a case of idiopathic hypertrophic spinal pachymeningitis in a 56-year-old woman who complained of a tingling sensation and progressive weakenss of both legs since 6 months prior, and then was unable to walk for 1 week. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a low signal intensity of dural and epidural mass in the T7-T11. The mass was concentrically compressing the spinal cord and extending to the paraspinal area through the intervertebral foramina. Total laminectomy from T7 to T12 and mass removal were done. The mass was composed of markedly thickened dura mater. Microscopic examination showed fibrous thickening with hyalinization and infiltration of chronic inflammatory cells, mainly lymphocytes. Idiopathic hypertrophic spinal pachymeningitis is a rare disease causing progressive paraparesis that can resemble other disorders associated with spinal compression.
Original Article
Cytologic features of glassy cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix.
Gu Kong, Eun Kyung Kim, Eun Kyung Hong, Jung Dal Lee
Korean J Cytopathol. 1991;2(1):62-66.
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AbstractAbstract
Glassy cell carcinoma is an unusual neoplasm of the uterine cervix with highly aggressive clinical behavior. On cervico-vaginal smear examination, the tumor has well confused of atypical repair cell of the endocervix. Recently, we have experienced two cases of glassy cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix, diagnosed on cervico-vaginal smears and confirmed on following histologic sections. The cervico-vaginal smears revealed abundant clusters with well defined boarders. The cell clusters were composed of large tumor cells. The tumor cells had distinct granular cytoplasm and eosinophilic macronucleoli. Characteristic cytologic features of this tumor were discussed in view of differential diagnosis.

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine